Members of the Electoral College will meet in their respective states on Monday (local time) to vote officially for the President.
Usually, this process is just a formal obligation to rubber stamp the results of the November elections.
Not this year.
For weeks, President Donald Trump and his allies have given Republican officials their own elections in favor of Mr. Trump, ignoring the close state popularity vote won by presidential elector Joe Biden. I’ve been pressured to appoint people. They also asked the court to hand over the victory to the president of the state he lost.
However, judges and Republican state legislators showed little willingness to overturn the democratic process, leaving electors. When they vote on Monday, Mr. Trump is guaranteed to essentially end the day when he starts it: President of the First Term.
Learn more about how voting works and the next steps in the process.
How does Electoral College voting work?
Electors voted for the President and Vice President in a paper vote. You shouldn’t be surprised because 33 states and DCs legally require the elector to choose the person who won the state’s popularity poll. The other 17 states do not “detain” electors. That is, you can vote for the people you choose.
Electors were elected by political parties (for example, if Mr Biden beats the state, the Democratic Electoral College will vote). Electors are usually people who have close ties to political activists, civil servants, donors, and candidates. This means that you are very likely to vote for a candidate who has promised support.
In 2016, seven electors submitted protest votes to anyone other than party candidates. However, the chances of a “dishonest elector” turning around and handing the election to Mr. Trump are essentially zero.
After the elector has voted, the votes are counted and the elector signs a certificate showing the result.
These are paired with a certificate from the Governor’s Office showing the total number of votes cast by the state. The certificate will be sent to Vice President Mike Pence as President of the Senate. Federal Register; Secretary of State of each country. Supreme Court Judge of the US District Court where electors gather.
What will happen next?
Congress officially counts votes at a joint session held in the House of Representatives on January 6, presided over by Mr. Pence.
Mr. Pence opens the certificates alphabetically by state and presents them to four “tellers”, two from the House of Representatives and two from the Senate. When Biden reaches a majority with 270 votes, Pence will announce the results.
The procedure is strictly regulated by federal law, with various politicians sitting in the conference room. (Mr. Pence gets a speaker chair, Nancy Pelosi speaker sits to his left, and a “cashier” sits at the clerk’s desk.)
You cannot end the session until the count is complete and the results are publicly declared. At this point, the election is officially decided. The only job left is the inauguration on January 20, next year.
Which parliament will carry out the process?
The new members will be sworn in on January 3, so the next parliament will hold this joint session.
Democrats dominate the House of Representatives and Republicans dominate the Senate, regardless of the outcome of the Georgia final vote on January 5. Mr. Pence will continue to serve as a tie-break vote if the Chamber of Commerce is split 50-50.
Can lawmakers block the results?
There are no arguments allowed during the electoral college count. However, after the results are read, members of Congress have one opportunity to raise their concerns.
Any objection to the state’s results must be in writing and signed by at least one senator and one member of the House of Representatives.
The two chambers of commerce then separate to discuss the objection. Each member of parliament can speak only once (5 minutes) and the debate will be terminated after 2 hours. Each agency then votes on whether to reject the state’s results.
Since the election counting law was passed in 1887, there have been two parliamentary oppositions in 1969 and 2005. Neither the House of Representatives nor the Senate was passed.
How likely is Congress to change the outcome?
Preventing Mr. Biden’s inauguration remains a long-term strategy for the Republicans.
In order to disagree, a simple majority must pass through both houses. If the vote followed the party’s policy, the Republicans couldn’t prevent Mr Biden’s victory.
Opposition would already be destined there, as the Democratic Party controls the House of Representatives. In the Senate, Democrats need to select only a few Republicans to vote against dissent. Many Republican senators have declared Mr Biden in the presidential election.
Parliamentary sessions can lead to great political drama, as some Trump allies have already disputed. However, this process is unlikely to change the outcome of the election.