Turkey and Egypt slowly began to warm up relations ten years after the Arab Spring as they vie for regional dominance, but analysts say deep-seated distrust means that full normalization will take time. Stated.
A Turkish delegation visited Cairo for the first time this week after years of trading thorns, and the Egyptian Foreign Ministry said negotiations began on Tuesday.
This is about two months after Ankara established its first diplomatic contact with Cairo since 2013 as part of a broader effort to repair the fence with its Middle Eastern rivals.
Both Ankara and Cairo have faced more US pressure since President Donald Trump’s resignation, and both have spread the olive branch to their neighbors.
Egyptian President Abdel Fatta Arsisi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have been sparring with the support of Prime Minister Erdogan since the expulsion of Muslim President Mohammed Morsi in Cairo in 2013.
Egypt’s restoration of relations with Qatar in January after a four-year blockade of the Gulf with the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain also helped to move towards more regional diplomacy.
“What has become clear to Egypt is that it is difficult for regional powers to win in points rather than knockout punches,” said Abdul Harek Abdullah, a professor of political science in the United Arab Emirates.
“In this case, it’s enough to meet in the middle … but the situation is so fluid that it could reignite,” he added.
Cairo does not appear to share the same level of enthusiasm for reconciliation as Turkey. Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said in March that “words alone are not enough and must be consistent with the certificate.”
“Egypt is hesitant, with a lot of distrust fueled by eight years of open hostility,” said Egypt’s foreign policy under testified leaders Morsi and Hosni Mubarak. The author of the book, Nael Shama, said.
After the Arab Spring riots in several countries in the Middle East in 2011, Istanbul became a haven for Muslim opposition activists, especially the Egyptians associated with the illegal Muslim Brotherhood of Morsi.
In March, Erdogan’s adviser called on the organizers of popular Egyptian exiled talk shows, such as Moataz Matar and Mohamed Nasser, to ease criticism of Egyptian leaders.
Previously convicted of 10 years in prison in absentia, the glamorous anchor, who had been listed on Egyptian terrorists as “attempting to overthrow the administration,” had to stop the program and give the audience. I said an emotional farewell.
They are still regularly described by pro-Sisi media as “traitors” and “terrorists.”
Among Sisi’s supporters, their bystander was seen as a decisive idealistic victory.
“It is very important for Egypt that Turkey asks Egyptian opposition to stop the (media) campaign against the Egyptian government,” said Ibrahim Awad, a professor of public policy at the American University in Cairo (AUC). Stated.
However, he expressed suspicion that Matar and Nacelle would be handed over.
In large rallies over the past few years, Prime Minister Erdogan frequently pays four-finger salutes, seen as a homage to hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood supporters killed by Cairo security forces following the expulsion of Morsi. raised.
The Turkish president has won the dedication of his Islamist base as an advocate of regional dissatisfaction since the Arab Spring.
However, Mr Awad said that if normalization continues, it will “strengthen Egypt’s position in the Middle East” in the long run.
Amuru Adib, the host of a popular late-night talk show and regularly interviewing Sisi on air, made a cautious tone about the visit of the Turkish delegation.
“See how things have changed so much … if we can get an understanding during the talks, it’s all going well, otherwise it’s okay,” he said on Monday. Said to.
In oil-rich Libya, which was confused by the aftermath of the 2011 NATO-backed uprising, UAE-backed exiled dictators Mu’ammar Al-Kadafi, Turkey and Egypt were on the other side of the conflict.
“Everyone will benefit from relieving serious tensions in the region, including withdrawal from hotspots centered around Libya,” said Emirates-based professor Abara.
“The UAE has encouraged the flare-up to cool down, not just Egypt’s backers,” he added.
Cairo and Ankara have become more open to the political resolution of the conflict since the election of a new interim Prime Minister of Libya in a UN-sponsored process this year.
Ankara said working with Cairo to resolve Libya’s conflict could have a “knock-on effect” to improve relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia, Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Greece. Said.
Researchers at Egypt’s state-run Al-Ahram Political Strategy Research Center have been optimistic about the reconciliation, despite years of tension.
“It’s very easy in politics. You can attack the country one day and sit down and break the difference the next,” he said.
“This is what is happening now.”
Egypt And Turkey Draw Closer As Regional Interests Align Source link Egypt And Turkey Draw Closer As Regional Interests Align