According to a new report, mandatory policies in China’s westernmost Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region could sharply reduce the birth rate of Uighurs and other ethnic minorities and increase evidence of genocide.
The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) report, released Wednesday, quoted China’s official data and launched a campaign to control fertility in China. “Since 2017, the official birth rate in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is unprecedented. It states that it showed a “rapid decline.” region.
Birth rates in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region fell by almost half from 2017 to 2019, with counties whose population was predominantly Uighurs or other ethnic minorities showed a much sharper decline than other counties. A government-funded institute said in a report.
China’s Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to requests for comment. China has strongly rejected genocide charges, arguing that changes in fertility rates are associated with improved health and economic policy.
The ASPI analysis is based on data from the Chinese government, including the population of the region, released in March.
“Our analysis is based on previous studies and provides compelling evidence that Chinese government policies in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region may constitute acts of genocide,” he said.
According to ASPI reports, the birth rate of counties with an indigenous population of 90% or more declined by an average of 56.5% from 2017 to 2018, far higher than in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and other parts of China during the same period. ..
He said fines, detentions, or threats of detention were one of the methods authorities used to discourage childbirth.
There is a growing demand among Western nations to investigate whether Beijing’s actions in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region correspond to a genocide.
The US government and parliaments of countries including the United Kingdom and Canada have described China’s policy in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region as a genocide.
According to the 1948 United Nations Genocide Convention, some evidence of Beijing’s intention to destroy ethnic groups is needed to meet that decision.
The United Nations cites reports that at least one million Uighurs have been detained in a political re-education camp in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. Chinese authorities have also been accused of forced labor, forced sterilization, sexual abuse and rape against a minority group of Muslims.
Beijing initially denied the existence of the camp, but later stated that the camp was a vocational training center designed to combat religious extremism and that all people in the center had “graduated.”